Pagans refer to the progression through the seasons as "The Wheel of the Year". Not only does this wheel encompass pagan holidays, including those now cloaked with Christian traditions, but a variety of energies as well. These energies are a combination of astrological influences, moon phases and full moons, solstices and equinoxes, the changing of seasons, and the magick of time.

*Note: More information & correspondences on the topic of pagan holidays, the months and their moons, astrological energies, as well as history and lore can be found Here

Upon this page:
Samhain
Yule
Imbolc
Ostara
Beltaine
Summer Solstice
Lammas
Mabon

____________________
 
Samhain
(Halloween)
October 31
 
Samhain (pronounced 'Sou-wen') is a celebration that has a more somber side than the revelry of modern Halloween. It is a day of remembrance of your ancestors and for those family members who have passed over.

Pagan families may set an extra place at the supper table on this evening, to honor those loved ones who are no longer with them. The veil between the world of the living and the dead is thinnest on this eve, and this night is an excellent time to perform divination, or try to connect with those from the other side.

Correspondences for Samhain

Herbs: patchouli, sage, heather

Altar Flowers/Herbs: acorns, apples, pumpkins/gourds, dittany, autumn leaves

Feast Foods: pumpkin, squash, nut breads, sweet potatoes, milled drinks (cider, wine), roast meat, root vegetables

Animals: bats, cats, crows, ravens, owls

Incense: cinnamon, cloves, myrrh, patchouli, pine, mugwort, nutmeg

Rituals/Spells: making besoms, divination, spirit contact, crone magick, working with dark energy, spells for new beginnings

 
 
 Celtic-Knot-Divider-1.gif picture by witch_of_endore
 
Winter Solstice
(Yule)
December 21

 Winter Solstice...the longest day of darkness in the year; and with the darkness comes the promise of light, the rebirth of the Sun. It is no wonder, because of the importance of this date to the ancient pagans and the symbolism involved, that the Roman church chose this date to celebrate the birth of Christ.

This is the time that the brothers battle-- the Holly King & the Oak King. The Oak King will win this fight with his brother, and light and warmth will return to the Earth.

Correspondences for Winter Solstice

Herbs: frankincense, myrrh, sage, bayberry, rosemary

Altar Flowers/Herbs: holly, mistletoe, pine cones, evergreen, thistle, cedar

Feast Foods: fruitcake, gingerbread, cranberries, dried fruit, eggnog, cider/wine

Animals: white buffalo, stag, weasels, owls, squirrels, blue jays, cardinals, doves

Incense: bayberry, cedar, frankincense, myrrh, orange, sage, rosemary

Rituals/Spells: hearth and home magick, lighting the Yule log, hopes and dreams spells, wishes

 
Celtic-Knot-Divider-1.gif picture by witch_of_endore
 
Imbolc 
February 2

In the ancient world, and in the agricultural world of today, this is the time when the ewes begin giving birth. This is the time of, not only birth, but lactation, and a time to celebrate these two wonders of life. This is also a celebration of the transformation of the Old Woman of winter into the Young Maiden of spring.

This is a festival of the Celtic goddess, Bride, so beloved by the people of the old world that the Roman church couldn't eradicate her. Instead they made her a saint, Saint Brighid. In Celtic lore, the Old Woman of Winter (the Cailleach) was reborn as Bride, the young maiden of Spring.

Correspondences for Imbolc

Herbs: basil, bay, celandine, benzoic

Altar Flowers/Herbs: angelica, myrrh, flowers that are yellow/white/or blue

Feast Foods: bread, cakes, dairy products, seeds

Animals: burrowing animals, ewes, deer, goats, lambs

Incense: jasmine, myrrh, neroli

Rituals/Spells: candle magick, initiation, hearth/home blessings, fertility magick, healing magick, cleansing rituals


 Celtic-Knot-Divider-1.gif picture by witch_of_endore
 
 Ostara
(Spring Equinox)
March 21

This is the day when the period of light and dark are equal, heralding springtime planting and the promise of warmth returning for the summer months.

This is also a celebration of the Saxon goddess of fertility...Eastre. Eggs and rabbits are symbols belonging to the Goddess Eastre and are incorporated into the festivities and celebrations. Sound familiar yet?  It is interesting to note why the date for the Christian holiday of Easter moves every year...Easter is always celebrated on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the Spring Equinox.

Correspondences for Ostara

Herbs: cinquefoil, rose, violets, tansy, celandine

Altar Flowers/Herbs: honeysuckle, iris, lily, daffodil, crocus

Feast Foods: eggs, fish, honey, sweet food, leafy vegetables

Animals: chicks, hares, rabbits, swallows

Incense: honeysuckle, jasmine, lavender, lotus, magnolia, rose, violet

Rituals/Spells: planting/sowing, rejuvenation spells, consecration of tools, grounding work, Earth blessings, spring cleansing

 
 
 Celtic-Knot-Divider-1.gif picture by witch_of_endore
Beltaine
(May Day)
May 1


This holiday is one of the most Pagan. It is a celebration of fertility and the sexuality that goes right along with it. To the modern world, it's more commonly known as May Day.

What the Roman church tried so hard to control, to portray as evil, sinful, or dirty-- is the very thing celebrated at Beltaine...human sexuality.  In modern celebrations of May Day, people still dance around the Maypole-- some not realizing that this is a phallic symbol, while they hold brightly colored streamers spilling from the top of this pole, symbolic of the creative force of sex.

The Pagan celebrates with bonfires, music, and revelry.

Correspondences for Beltaine

Herbs: cinquefoil, frankincense, marigold, meadowsweet,
woodruff

Altar Flowers/Herbs: daisy, hawthorn, lilac, primrose, wildflowers, rose

Feast Foods: barley cakes, oat cakes, red fruit, elderflower drinks, herbal salads

Animals: honey bees, cats, horses, rabbits, white cow

Incense: frankincense, lilac, passion flower, rose, vanilla

Rituals/Spells: bale fire, fertility magick, sex magick, handfasting, beauty magick, love spells, The Great Rite

 
 Celtic-Knot-Divider-1.gif picture by witch_of_endore
Litha
(Summer Solstice) 
June 21

This is the longest period of daylight in the year, a time of magick, fairies, and the immortalized Mid-Summer's Eve. Fairy contact is generally easier to achieve on this day, for those of you who are brave enough to invoke the mischevious little folk, that is. But don't be surprised if soon after you can't find your favorite earrings, or the car keys, or any other shiny inviting objects you may have left laying around.

This is a popular month for weddings. The Druid's celebrated the Summer Solstice as the 'marriage between heaven & earth', and thus the popular belief that June is a 'lucky' month for marriage ceremonies.  There will be Pagan spirit gatherings all around the world at this time, the most famous and the most notable at Stone Henge, where large groups of people will light bonfires and stay up all night in order to welcome the dawn.

Correspondences for Summer Solstice

Herbs: fennel, lavender, chamomile, cinquefoil, mugwort, thyme

Alter flowers/Herbs: larkspur, rose, wisteria, St. Johns Wort

Feast Foods: apples, citrus, fruits, ale, mead, honey cakes

Animals: butterflies, frogs, toads, wrens

Incense: ylang ylang, thyme, rose, sandalwood, chamomile

Rituals/Spells: all night fairy vigils, candle magick, dream work, familiar blessings, herb gathering, self-dedication, sun magick

 
 
 Celtic-Knot-Divider-1.gif picture by witch_of_endore
 
Lammas
August 1

This is the first of the harvest festivals, and in the ancient world this was indeed a time of celebration. A successful harvest would mean survival in the harsh winter months. In the northern countries this was, in particular, a celebration of the first harvest of wheat, thus bread is featured in the celebration of Lammas, also known as Lughnasadh.

As the modern day Pagans celebrate this festival they will build roaring bonfires, feed each other a mouthful of bread, and with wine they will toast each other..."May you eat the bread of life"

Correspondences for Lammas

Herbs: frankincense, wheat, cornstalks, heather

Altar Flowers/Herbs: corn ears, hollyhock, myrtle, oak leaves, wheat

Feast Foods: apples/apple pie, cornbread, sweet potatoes/sweet potato pie, grapes, blackberries

Animals: calves, roosters, deer

Incense: chamomile, rose, rosemary, allspice, sandalwood, carnation

Rituals/Spells: maternal magick, prosperity spells, purification spells, thanksgiving rituals, career spells
 
 
 
  Celtic-Knot-Divider-1.gif picture by witch_of_endore

Mabon
(Autumn Equinox)  September 21
 This day brings equal hours of light and dark, a second celebration of perfect equality. Beyond this day, light will gradually fade as the dark season descends upon the world. At this time of year, the ancient Druids would burn a large human-like wicker figure as part of their celebration. This figure represented the vegetation spirit, and indeed, the heralding of the dark season would bring an end to the growth and flowering of summer.

Modern Pagans may celebrate this holiday with many of the foods connected with this time of year in their area. For us this would include pumpkin pie and apple cider. Decorations may include leaves of autumn hues, sunflowers, pumpkins and gourds.

Correspondences for Autumn Equinox
Herbs: marigold, myrrh, thistles, sage

Altar Flowers/Herbs: asters, mums, pine, ferns, milkweed, honeysuckle

Feast Foods: autumn berries, nuts, roast game, root vegetables, cider, wine, bread

Animals: stags, goats, blackbirds, canines, owls, birds-of-prey

Incense: cedar, myrrh, patchouli, pine, sage, sweet grass, oak moss

Rituals/Spells: drying herbs, gathering late harvest, past life work, harvest moon rituals, making willow wands, harmony spells, protection spells for winter

 
 Celtic-Knot-Divider-1.gif picture by witch_of_endore
 
Resources for this page include:
 
 
Youtube videos courtesy of MsJulieCarol
 

 Site Meter

 

 
 
 

 

0:00/4:42
The Music: Peter Phippen & Arja Kastinen, "Drawing Down the Moon"